Math Concepts: Fractions, greater than, less than, equivalence, and inequality

What You Can Do: Fractions are incredibly useful in describing situations mathematically. However,
fractions are a difficult concept for most students, possibly because kids don’t receive enough exposure to them in environments
beyond the classroom.

Look for opportunities to use fraction concepts in daily life. As a very simple example, having a child split a treat
with a friend is a natural occurrence of 1/2. When a child is picking out clothes to wear in the morning, mention that
4/5 of the shirts being considered are blue. It’s this continual exposure to fractions in daily life that helps students
become familiar with the part-whole relationship between the numerator and denominator.

For comparing fractions, a fraction chart or fraction strips can be very useful.

Math in the Game: Players create fractions that are larger or smaller than their opponent, which
makes the math in the game immediately evident. However, students can learn more about fractions by using the Fraction
Bar Chart. By using this tool, students can see that the fractions 1/4 and 2/8 are equivalent, or that 2/3 is greater than
4/7.

Related Resources:

Fun With Pattern Block Fractions

This unit consists of five lessons designed to help the students understand fractions when they are represented as a part of a region.

Making and Investigating Fraction
Strips

Students make and use a set of fraction strips to discover fraction relationships and work with equivalent fractions.

Fraction Feud: Comparing and Ordering Fractions

In this lesson, students use fraction bars to explore how to compare sizes of fractions. They conclude with an online Calculation Nation® game called Fraction Feud.