Math Concepts: Fractions, Greater Than, Less Than, Equivalence, Inequality

What You Can Do: Fractions are incredibly useful in describing situations mathematically. However,
fractions are a difficult concept for most students, possibly because kids don’t receive enough exposure to them in environments
beyond the classroom.

Look for opportunities to use fraction concepts in daily life. As a very simple example, having a child split a treat
with a friend is a natural occurrence of 1/2. When a child is picking out clothes to wear in the morning, mention that
4/5 of the shirts being considered are blue. It’s this continual exposure to fractions in daily life that helps students
become familiar with the part-whole relationship between the numerator and denominator.

For comparing fractions, a fraction chart or fraction strips can be very useful.

Math in the Game: Players create fractions that are larger or smaller than their opponent, which
makes the math in the game immediately evident. However, students can learn more about fractions by using the Fraction
Bar Chart. Using this tool, students can see that the fractions 1/4 and 2/8 are equivalent, or that 2/3 is greater than
4/7.

Related Resources:

Investigating Fractions with Pattern
Blocks

Students investigate the relationship between parts and wholes by comparing pattern blocks of various sizes. For
instance, 6 green triangles have the same area as 1 yellow hexagon, so the area of the green triangle is equal to 1/6 the
area of the yellow hexagon.

Making and Investigating Fraction
Strips

Students make and use a set of fraction strips to discover fraction relationships and work with equivalent fractions.